The Asp.Net MVC 4 introduced the many new features one of the main features is SimpleMembership. SimpleMembership is also support for Outh. SimpleMembership has been designed as an advanced of previous ASP.NET Role and Membership provider system.
Whenever we create a new MVC 4 project, Simple Membership is automatically implemented and the related views, models and controllers are also automatically generated. Let‘s we look at this bellow image.
Simple membership provides the new class called WebSecurity. MSDN definition (“Provides security and authentication features for ASP.NET Web Pages applications, including the ability to create user accounts, log users in and out, reset or change passwords, and perform related tasks.”-MSDN).
In the class have SimpleMembership related methods are there, I would explain some basic methods and how to use in our projects.
The login method to check the given user is authorized person or not, it has three parameters Username-The User Name, Password-The user password, and persistCookie- It is (Optional) true to specify that the authentication token in the cookie should be persisted beyond the current session; otherwise false. The default is false.
The logout method is used to clears all authentication cookies from the cookie cache in other words to disconnect the user
3) Create Account
WebSecurity.CreateAccount(userName, password, requireConfirmationToken = false);
WebSecurity. CreateUserAndAccount(userName, password, propertyValues = null, requireConfirmationToken = false);
If our application wants more detail about the user we will use CreateUserAndAccount method otherwise we use Create Account
The bellow image shows the all other methods of web security
SimpleMembership provides another one class named as Roles. . MSDN definition” Manages user membership in roles for authorization checking in an ASP.NET application. This class cannot be inherited.”
In the class have Role based methods are there, I would explain basic methods and how to use in our projects.
The method has been used to add a new role the database. It has single parameter named as rolename.
The method has been used to Removes a role from the data source. . It has single parameter named as rolename.
The bellow image shows the all other methods of websecurity roles
Simple membership uses the entity framework model first approach whether when we execute the application it would be automatically create the database and tables. Let we see the tables
1) UserProfile-It is a extension table for users.
2) webpages_Membership-User security related data’s are their like “password , password salt etc”.
3) webpages_OAuthMembership- Outh related information’s stored in this table.
4) webpages_Roles- The roles are stored like(“Admin, Editor etc..”).
5) webpages_UsersInRoles- which user have which role that informations are stored this table.
In this article I simply explained how to use SimpleMebership, it’s only for beginners